Patiala district is one of the famous princely states of erstwhile Punjab. Forming the south-eastern part of the state, it lies between 29°49’ and 30°47’ north latitude, 75°58’ and 76°54’ east longitude.
It is surrounded by the districts of Fatehgarh Sahib, Rupnagar and the Union Territory of Chandigarh in the north, Sangrur district in the west, Ambala and Kurukshetra districts of
neighbouring state of Haryana in the east and Kaithal district of Haryana in the south.
Administrative Sub-divisions :-
Patiala district is sub-divided into 6 sub-divisons/tehsils, 2 sub-tehsils and 9 blocks.
|Sr. No.||Sub-divisions /Tehsils||Sub-Tehsils||Blocks||No. of Villages||Area in Hectare||Total no of Kanungo Circle||Total No of Patwar Circle|
|3||Patiala||–||Patiala, Patiala Rural, Sanaur||271||89332||7||69|
|4||Rajpura||Ghanaur||Rajpura, Ghanaur, Shambu||250||62164||6||61|
The district forms a part of the Indo- Gangetic plain and consists of three types of region :-
- The Upland Plain.
- The Cho-infested Foothill Plain.
- The Floodplain of the Ghaggar River
Apart from this, the district has a complex drainage system consisting of canals and rivers. The river Ghaghar is the most important water channel of the district. It is essentially a seasonal stream, remaining dry during most part of the year. However, during the rainy session, it remains in spate, often flooding the adjoining villages, causing damage to crops, livestock and at times to houses and human lives. A number of subsidiary rivulets join the Ghaggar River, the most important ones being the Tangri Nadi, Patiala-Wali-Nadi, Sirhind Choe and the Jhambowali Choe.
Apart from the natural drainage line, the district also has three important canals- The Bhakra Main Line canal, the Nawana Branch, and the Ghaghar Link. These canals provide much needed irrigation water to the district. Before these canals were constructed, Patiala district was a water scarce area. These irrigation canals have helped to transform the parched fields into fertile, double-crop lands.